Vitamins are very important for proper body growth and function. They are very necessary to prevent the health diseases. Parents can give balanced food that contains elements such as vitamins, minerals, iron, proteins, carbohydrates, calcium and fats, after one year of life. Breast milk is including all elements that baby needs for at least the first six months of life.
Following are certain vitamins, minerals and other elements that include in balanced diet:
Vitamin A is important for bone growth and vision in babies. It also helps to produce soft skin and protect against infection. Night- blindness, burning eyes and rough skin can be developed due to insufficient vitamin A.
Vitamin A has common sources such as dairy products like milk, cream, khoa, butter, etc., fruits, leafy green vegetables, egg yolks, pumpkins,etc.
It is necessary for digestion, body growth, normal appetite, DNA replication and normal muscle function. It’s all sources include sunflower seeds, grain products, nuts and meats, wheat germ, lean pork and legumes.
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
Vitamin B2 is required for the glycogen, the synthesis of red blood cells, tissue repain and normal growth. The common sources of vitamin B2 are cocoa, eggs, leafy green vegetables, milk, cheeses, and yogurt.
It is required for fat, synthesis of protein and genetic material. It is also necessary for brain function and proper metabolism. Sources of vitamin B2 are chicken, cereal grains, tuna, beef, fortified cereals, seeds, peanut butter, turkey and pork.
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)
It is important for normal immune function and the metabolism of food. It is helpful to play role in the synthesis of cholesterol, neurotransmitters and hormones. The main sources of Vitamin B5 are wheat germ, egg yolk, peanuts, whole grain cereals, mushrooms and royal jelly from bees.
Vitamin B6 is necessary for proper brain, synthesis of red blood cells, normal growth, hormone regulation and immune function. There are many sources of vitamin B6 such as watermelon, potato, walnuts, salmon, beans and light meat of chicken.
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)
It is necessary for proper nerve function, DNA synthesis and production of red blood cells. Vitamin B12 get from fish, meat and meat products, shellfish, yogurt, eggs, fortified cereals, tuna and fortified soy-milk.
Vitamin C is helpful in wound healing, and it is work as aids in the absorption of iron, powerful antioxidant. There are main sources of vitamin C such as papaya, kiwifruit, oranges, cauliflower, strawberries, grapefruit, green peppers and kale.
It is necessary for teeth strength and maintains bone strength. People can get vitamin D from butter, salmon with bones, fatty fish, eggs, and fortified foods such as milk.
Vitamin E is helpful to reduce the levels of inflammatory prostaglandins. It is important for smooth skin and muscles. Muscular atrophy and heart trouble can be associated due to deficiency of Vitamin E. sources are sunflower seeds, mango, brazil nuts, whole grains, green leafy vegetables and unroasted almonds.
Vitamin K plays a role in normal bone functions and it is helpful for proper blood clotting. Sources of Vitamin K are dairy products, broccoli, cabbage, meats, fruits, cereals and Brussels sprouts.